WeDo 2.0 colors with python

Now that I can finally use LEGO Education WeDo 2.0 app let’s use my latest crazy aquisition: the Ubertooth One (an open source Bluetooth sniffer).

I used a simple project to change the WeDo 2.0 Hub color to ‘pink’ (‘1’) each time I click the ‘Play’ block:

WeDo 2.0 - change color

After capturing a few packets I selected just the interesting part:

1    0.000000000            LE LL    33    Empty PDU
2    0.037564000            ATT    44    UnknownDirection Write Command, Handle: 0x003d
3    0.074999800            LE LL    33    Empty PDU
4    0.187500200            LE LL    33    Empty PDU
5    0.225000800            LE LL    33    Empty PDU
6    0.262503000            LE LL    33    Empty PDU
7    0.262732400            LE LL    33    Empty PDU
8    0.375069400            ATT    44    UnknownDirection Write Command, Handle: 0x003d
9    0.412505800            LE LL    33    Empty PDU

Most frames are empty but 2 frames (‘2’ and ‘8’) show some writing to the 0x003d handle (the same handle that is used to control the motors). Let’s inspect those frames:

Frame 2: 44 bytes on wire (352 bits), 44 bytes captured (352 bits) on interface 0
PPI version 0, 24 bytes
DLT: 147, Payload: btle (Bluetooth Low Energy Link Layer)
Bluetooth Low Energy Link Layer
Bluetooth L2CAP Protocol
Bluetooth Attribute Protocol
    Opcode: Write Command (0x52)
        0... .... = Authentication Signature: False
        .1.. .... = Command: True
        ..01 0010 = Method: Write Request (0x12)
    Handle: 0x003d
    Value: 06040101
Frame 8: 44 bytes on wire (352 bits), 44 bytes captured (352 bits) on interface 0
PPI version 0, 24 bytes
DLT: 147, Payload: btle (Bluetooth Low Energy Link Layer)
Bluetooth Low Energy Link Layer
Bluetooth L2CAP Protocol
Bluetooth Attribute Protocol
    Opcode: Write Command (0x52)
        0... .... = Authentication Signature: False
        .1.. .... = Command: True
        ..01 0010 = Method: Write Request (0x12)
    Handle: 0x003d
    Value: 06040103

So the App is writing “06040101” to the handle and then “06040103”.

I already know something about this handler from the motor control examples I found before:

  • first byte is the “port” identifier (’01’ and ’02’ are the physical plugs to connect motors or sensors so ’06’ is the LED port)
  • second byte is the command sent to the port so ’04’ means “change color”
  • third byte is the length of the arguments of the command so ’01’ means that the color is just one byte length – the fourth

So ’01’ and ’03’ must be some colors right? And I already know that ‘1’ in the App means ‘red’ so probably “06040101” means “change color to pink” and “06040103” means “change color to blue” (blue is the color of the WeDo Hub while waiting for commands).

So let’s test it with gatttool:

char-write-cmd 3d 06040101

Yes! It turns red indeed!

After testing other values I got these 11 values:

00 off
01 pink
02 purple
03 blue
04 cyan
05 light green
06 green
07 yellow
08 orange
09 red
0A light blue

(the real color labels may differ as I’m not very good with colors)

Now a small python script to cycle through all those colors:

#!/usr/bin/python

from gattlib import GATTRequester
from time import sleep

colors = ['\x00','\x01','\x02','\x03','\x04','\x05','\x06','\x07','\x08','\x09','\x0A']

req = GATTRequester("A0:E6:F8:1E:58:57",True,"hci0")

while True:
  for color in colors:
    req.write_by_handle(0x3d, "\x06\x04\x01" + color)
    sleep(2)

And, of course, the video:

4 comentários em “WeDo 2.0 colors with python”

  1. Hello,

    I did some tests using the app NRF Connect and managed to change the name of SmartHub, change color LED and switch engine.

    I started doing the tests using App Inventor that added an extension to connect BLE devices. But I try to do the same tests done using the NRF Connect and could not change LED color … I am using the UUID values ​​of the services and features used in the application as shown below:

    00004f0e-1212-efde-1523-785feabcd123 – UNKNOWN SERVICE

    0001563-1212-efde-1523-785feabcd123 – Input command -> here I typed the values ​​to set the LED as indexed: 0102061700010000000201, put the 5th byte as 00 to work as indexed.

    0001565-1212-efde-1523-785feabcd123 – Output command -> here typed values ​​to light the LED in the color I wanted, for example: 06040103 (blue).

    In App Inventor when will send command to a service he asks the UUID of the service and feature … I put the same values ​​as used in the NRF did not work …

    Would you help me.?

    1. Hello.
      I never used App Inventor so I had to google a bit. You using BLE extension, right?
      Can you show me a screenshot of the blocks you are using?

      1. Thank you for the information … I saw his new post and it seems to me that this is what I did … I will compare with this program you did. It took me to answer because I thought the messages would arrive here by email. Thanks again.

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